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Enhanced Violent Crime Community Policing Act of 2021

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IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
 

Mr. Morrow (with thanks to Mrs. Boxer, for himself, Ms. Stabenow, and Mr. Levin) introduced the following bill; which was read twice and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary


A BILL

To amend the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 to provide for grants to increase the number of law enforcement officers on the streets by 5 to 10 percent in areas with high incidences of violent crime. 

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, 

 

SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE.

This Act may be cited as the “Enhanced Violent Crime Community Policing Act of 2021”.

 

SEC. 2. FINDINGS.

Congress finds the following:

(1) According to University of Chicago economist Steven Levitt, each 10 percent increase in the size of a police force reduces violent crime by 4 percent and property crime by 5 percent.

(2) A study by University of Maryland economists William Evans and Emily Owens suggests that a 2 percent increase in police officers put on the streets through the COPS program led to a 2 percent decline in violent crime.

(3) Economists David Anderson of Centre College and Mark Cohen of Vanderbilt University suggest that the total cost of crime in the United States is approximately $2,000,000,000, annually, and that each additional dollar provided to the COPS program may generate $4.00 to $8.50 in savings to the Nation by reducing crimes committed and the overall cost of crime.

(4) In recent months, incidences of violent crime and homicides have risen in areas in the United States.

 

SEC. 3. ENHANCED VIOLENT CRIME COMMUNITY POLICY.

Section 1701 of the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act of 1968 (42 U.S.C. 3796dd) is amended—

(1) in subsection (b), by inserting after paragraph (4) the following new paragraph:

    “(5) hire and train new career law enforcement officers for deployment in areas and communities with high incidences of violent crime, in accordance with subsection (j).”; and

(2) by amending subsection (c) to read as follows:

    “(c) Priority And Preferential Consideration.—In awarding grants under this part, the Attorney General—

        “(1) may give preferential consideration to applications for hiring and training new career law enforcement officers for deployment in areas and communities with high incidences of violent crime, as authorized by paragraph (5) of subsection (b) and in accordance with subsection (j); and

        “(2) may give preferential consideration, where feasible, to applications for hiring and rehiring additional career law enforcement officers that involve a non-Federal contribution exceeding the 25 percent minimum under subsection (g).”; and

(3) by adding at the end the following new subsection:

    “(j) Enhanced Violent Crime Community Policing Grants.—

        “(1) IN GENERAL.—The Attorney General shall, subject to the availability of appropriations to carry out this subsection, make grants, as authorized under subsection (b)(5) and in accordance with this subsection, to hire and train new career law enforcement officers for deployment in areas and communities with high incidences of violent crime to enhance community policing in such areas.

        “(2) ELIGIBLE ENTITIES.—Notwithstanding subsection (a), grants awarded under this subsection shall be awarded only to units of local government.

        “(3) GRANT DESIGNATIONS.—The Attorney General shall award grants under this subsection to—

            “(A) the 5 units of local government with a population over 350,000 residents with the highest violent crime rate per capita as listed by the 2007 Federal Bureau of Investigation ‘Crime in the United States’ report; and

            “(B) 15 additional units of local government determined by the Attorney General to have the greatest need for such a grant, based on—

           “(i) per capita violent crime rate;

           “(ii) gang population;

           “(iii) drug trafficking rate;

           “(iv) high school drop-out rate;

           “(v) unemployment rate;

           “(vi) poverty rate;

           “(vii) population; and

           “(viii) any other criteria determined by the Attorney General.

    “(4) GRANT AMOUNT.—

        “(A) MAXIMUM AND MINIMUM AMOUNT.—The grant amount awarded to an grantee under this subsection for the grant period shall be—

           “(i) not more than is necessary to increase the size of the grantee’s sworn police force, as of the date the grantee submitted the application for a grant under this subsection, by 10 percent; and

            “(ii) not less than is necessary to increase the size of the grantee’s sworn police force, as of the date the grantee submitted the application for a grant under this subsection, by 5 percent.

        “(B) RATABLE REDUCTION.—If funds appropriated in a fiscal year to carry out this subsection are not sufficient to fully fund the minimum grant amount determined under subparagraph (A) for each grantee, the Attorney General shall reduce the amount of the grant to each grantee by a proportionate share.

PES: Creates grant program to enhance community policing in areas of need. Need is based on per capita violent crime rate, gang pop., drug trafficking rate, unemployment/poverty rate, population, and any other criteria determined by the Attorney General.

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