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James Grant

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  1. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Mr. Grant (for himself, Mr. Faso, Ms. Fudge, Mr. Katko, Mr. Donovan, Mr. King of New York, Ms. Stefanik, Mr. Ryan of Ohio, Miss Rice of New York, Mr. Krishnamoorthi, Mr. Stivers, and Mr.Kildee) introduced the following bill; A BILL To amend the Higher Education Act of 1965 to allow the Secretary of Education to award Early College Federal Pell Grants. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the “Go to High School, Go to College Act”. SEC. 2. EARLY COLLEGE FEDERAL PELL GRANT. Section 401 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070a) is amended by adding at the end the following: “(k) Early College Federal Pell Grants.— “(1) IN GENERAL.—Notwithstanding the requirement under section 484(a)(1) that a student not been enrolled in an elementary or secondary school to be eligible to receive a Federal Pell Grant under this section, for the award years beginning on July 1, 2017, and ending on June 30, 2023, the Secretary shall carry out a program to award Early College Federal Pell Grants to eligible students to support enrollment in, and completion of, postsecondary courses offered through an early college high school. “(2) MAXIMUM PERIOD FOR EARLY COLLEGE FEDERAL PELL GRANTS.—An eligible student may receive an Early College Federal Pell Grant under this subsection in an amount equal to the cost of not more than 4 full-time postsecondary semesters, or the equivalent of 4 full-time postsecondary semesters, as determined by the Secretary by regulation, while enrolled in postsecondary courses offered by an early college high school. “(3) COUNTING OF AWARDS FOR PURPOSES OF FEDERAL PELL GRANTS.— “(A) IN GENERAL.—An Early College Federal Pell Grant received under this subsection shall be counted toward the maximum period for which a student may receive Federal Pell Grants under this section, as provided under subsection (c)(5). “(B) WAIVER.—The Secretary may waive the requirement under subparagraph (A) on a case-by-case basis for any student demonstrating evidence of a credible disruption or redirection in course of study necessitating additional time to complete a postsecondary degree or credential. “(4) TERMS AND CONDITIONS.— “(A) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in this subsection, an Early College Federal Pell Grant received under this subsection shall have the same terms and conditions, and be awarded in the same manner, as Federal Pell Grants awarded under this section. “(B) MINIMUM COMPLETION.—An eligible student may only receive an Early College Federal Pell Grant under this subsection upon completion of a full-time postsecondary semester, or the equivalent of a full-time postsecondary semester, as determined by the Secretary by regulation. “(C) AMOUNT.—The Secretary shall pay an eligible institution that is engaged in a partnership as part of an early college high school an amount equal to the cost of tuition, fees, and books for each postsecondary course (including with respect to the postsecondary courses completed to satisfy the requirement under subparagraph (B)) an eligible student completes through such early college high school, provided such eligible student satisfies the requirement under subparagraph (B). “(5) REPORTING.—Each early college high school shall annually submit to the Secretary a report on the program of postsecondary courses provided to eligible students that includes the following information that is reported for all eligible students and disaggregated by each student subgroup of eligible students: “(A) Total number and percentage of eligible students who enroll in and subsequently complete the program at the early college high school. “(B) The number of postsecondary credits earned by eligible students while enrolled in the early college high school that may be applied toward a postsecondary degree or credential program. “(C) The percentage of eligible students enrolled in the early college high school who concurrently earn a secondary school diploma and an associate degree or equivalent. “(D) The percentage of early college high school graduates completing the program who enroll in a postsecondary institution. “(E) The total amount of Early College Federal Pell Grants awarded to eligible students served by the early college high school. “(6) DEFINITIONS.—In this subsection: “(A) EARLY COLLEGE HIGH SCHOOL.—The term ‘early college high school’ has the meaning given the term in section 8101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965. “(B) ELIGIBLE INSTITUTION.—The term ‘eligible institution’ means an institution that— “(i) complies with the existing requirements of being an eligible institution under this title; and “(ii) demonstrates that it— “(I) is participating in a statewide articulation agreement; “(II) has an articulation agreement in place with at least one public institution of higher education; or “(III) has a track record of students successfully transferring credits earned at the institution to public institutions of higher education. “(C) ELIGIBLE STUDENT.—The term ‘eligible student’ means a student enrolled at an early college high school who, if such student met the requirements of section 484 for eligibility for a Federal Pell Grant, would be awarded a Federal Pell Grant after the determination of the expected family contribution for such student. “(D) STUDENT SUBGROUP.—The term ‘student subgroup’ means— “(i) economically disadvantaged students; “(ii) students from major racial and ethnic groups; “(iii) children with disabilities; and “(iv) English learners.”.
  2. James Grant

    Make Education Local Act

    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Mr. Grant (for himself, Mrs. Lesko, Mr. Gosar, Mr. Biggs, Ms. McSally, and Mr. Schweikert) introduced the following bill; A BILL To allow a State to submit a State management decision to the Secretary of Education to combine certain funds to improve the academic achievement of students. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE; PURPOSE; DEFINITIONS. (a) Short Title.—This Act may be cited as the “Make Education Local Act”. (b) Purpose.—The purposes of this Act are as follows: (1) To give States and local communities added flexibility and control to determine how to improve academic achievement and implement education policy. (2) To reduce the administrative costs and compliance burden of Federal education programs in order to focus Federal resources on improving academic achievement. (3) To ensure that States and communities are accountable to the public and to parents for advancing the academic achievement of all students, especially disadvantaged children. (c) Definitions.— (1) IN GENERAL.—Except as otherwise provided, the terms used in this Act have the meanings given the terms in section 9101 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7801 et seq.). (2) OTHER TERMS.—In this Act: (A) ACCOUNTABILITY.—The term “accountability” means that public schools are answerable to parents and other taxpayers for the use of public funds and shall report student academic progress to parents and taxpayers regularly. (B) STATE.—The term “State” has the meaning given such term in section 1122(e) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6332(e)). (C) STATE MANAGEMENT DECISION.—The term “State management decision” means a decision by a State, as determined by State Authorizing Officials or by referendum, to assume full management responsibility for the expenditure of Federal funds for certain eligible programs for the purpose of advancing, on a more comprehensive and effective basis, the educational policy of such State. (D) STATE AUTHORIZING OFFICIALS.—The term “State Authorizing Officials” means the State officials who shall authorize the submission of a State management decision, and any amendments thereto, on behalf of the State. Such officials shall include not less than 2 of the following: (i) The governor of the State. (ii) The highest elected education official of the State, if any. (iii) The legislature of the State. (E) STATE DESIGNATED OFFICER.—The term “State Designated Officer” means the person designated by the State Authorizing Officials to submit to the Secretary, on behalf of the State, a State management decision, and any amendments thereto, and to function as the point-of-contact for the State for the Secretary and others relating to any responsibilities arising under this Act. SEC. 2. STATE MANAGEMENT DECISION. (a) In General.—Each State is authorized to submit to the Secretary a State management decision permitting the State to receive Federal funds on a consolidated basis to manage the expenditure of such funds to advance the educational policy of the State. (b) Programs Eligible For Consolidation And Permissible Use Of Funds.— (1) SCOPE.—A State may choose to include within the scope of the State management decision of the State any program for which Congress makes funds available to the State if the program is for a purpose described in the Elementary and Education Secondary Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6301). A State may not include any program funded pursuant to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq.). (2) USES OF FUNDS.—Funds made available to a State pursuant to a State management decision under this Act shall be used for any educational purpose permitted by State law of the State submitting a State management decision. (3) REMOVAL OF FISCAL AND ACCOUNTING BARRIERS.—Each State educational agency that operates under a State management decision under this Act may modify or eliminate State fiscal and accounting barriers that prevent local educational agencies and schools from easily consolidating funds from other eligible Federal, State, and local sources in order to improve educational opportunities and reduce unnecessary fiscal and accounting requirements. (c) Contents Of Decision.—Each State management decision shall contain— (1) a list of eligible programs that are subject to the State management decision; (2) an assurance that the submission of the State management decision has been authorized by the State Authorizing Officials, specifying the identity of the State Designated Officer; (3) the duration of the State management decision; (4) an assurance that the State will use fiscal control and fund accounting procedures; (5) an assurance that the State will meet the requirements of applicable Federal civil rights laws in carrying out the State management decision and in consolidating and using the funds under the State management decision; (6) an assurance that in implementing the State management decision the State will seek to advance educational opportunities for the disadvantaged; (7) a description of the plan for maintaining direct accountability to parents and other citizens of the State; (8) an assurance that in implementing the State management decision, the State will seek to use Federal funds to supplement, rather than supplant, State education funding; and (9) a description of how the State will address persistently failing public schools. (d) Minimum Duration.—The duration of the State management decision shall— (1) be greater than or equal to 5 years; and (2) be less than or equal to 10 years. (e) Review, Implementation, And Recognition By The Secretary.— (1) IN GENERAL.—The Secretary shall review the State management decision received from the State Designated Officer not more than 60 days after the date of receipt of such decision, and shall approve, with respect to permitting the State to receive the funds described in subsection (a), such State management decision unless the State management decision fails to meet the requirements under subsection (c). (2) RECOGNITION BY OPERATION OF LAW.—If the Secretary fails to take action within the time specified in paragraph (1), the State management decision, as submitted, shall be deemed to be approved. (f) Amendment To State Management Decision.— (1) IN GENERAL.—The State Authorizing Officials may direct the State Designated Officer to submit amendments to a State management decision that is in effect. Such amendments shall be submitted to the Secretary and considered by the Secretary in accordance with subsection (e). (2) AMENDMENTS AUTHORIZED.—A State management decision that is in effect may be amended to— (A) expand the scope of such State management decision to encompass additional eligible programs; (B) reduce the scope of such State management decision by excluding coverage of a Federal program included in the original State management decision; (C) modify the duration of such State management decision; or (D) achieve such other modifications as the State Authorizing Officials deem appropriate. (3) EFFECTIVE DATE.—The amendment shall specify an effective date. Such effective date shall provide adequate time to assure full compliance with Federal program requirements relating to an eligible program that has been removed from the coverage of the State management decision by the proposed amendment. (4) TREATMENT OF PROGRAM FUNDS WITHDRAWN FROM STATE MANAGEMENT DECISION.—Beginning on the effective date of an amendment executed under paragraph (2)(B), each program requirement of each program removed from the State management decision shall apply to the State's use of funds made available under the program. SEC. 3. TRANSPARENCY FOR RESULTS OF PUBLIC EDUCATION. (a) In General.—Each State operating under a State management decision under this Act shall inform parents and the general public regarding the student achievement assessment system, demonstrating student progress relative to the State's determination of student proficiency, as described in paragraph (2), for the purpose of public accountability to parents and taxpayers. (b) Accountability System.— (1) IN GENERAL.—The State shall determine and establish an accountability system to ensure accountability under this Act. (2) ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT.—Any accountability system established by a State pursuant paragraph (1) shall— (A) be focused on the academic achievement of students; and (B) include a system, as determined by the State, of evaluating the academic achievement and progress of students. (c) Report On Student Progress.—Not later than 1 year after the effective date of the State management decision, and annually thereafter, a State shall, in a format acceptable to such State, disseminate widely to parents and the general public a report that describes student progress. The report shall include— (1) student performance data disaggregated by various student groups, as determined by the State; (2) a description of other high-quality school options available to parents in the State; and (3) a description of how the State has used Federal funds to improve academic achievement, reduce achievement disparities between various student groups, and improve educational opportunities. SEC. 4. ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES. (a) In General.—Except as provided in subsection (b), the amount that a State with a State management decision may expend for administrative expenses shall be limited to 1 percent of the aggregate amount of Federal funds made available to the State through the eligible programs included within the scope of such State management decision. (b) States Not Consolidating Funds Under Part A Of Title I.—If the State management decision does not include within its scope part A of title I of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 6311 et seq.), the amount spent by the State on administrative expenses shall be limited to 3 percent of the aggregate amount of Federal funds made available to the State pursuant to such State management decision. SEC. 5. EQUITABLE PARTICIPATION OF PRIVATE SCHOOLS. Each State consolidating and using funds pursuant to a State management decision under this Act shall provide for the participation of private school children and teachers in the activities assisted under the State management decision in the same manner as participation is provided to private school children and teachers under section 9501 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7881).
  3. James Grant

    Expanding America’s Workforce Act

    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Mr. Grant (for himself, Mr. Hunter, and Mr. Hastings) introduced the following bill; A BILL To establish various programs to ease the burden on undereducated and financially deficient workers seeking to further their education. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the “Expanding America’s Workforce Act”. SEC. 2. REVIEW OF GAINFUL EMPLOYMENT MEASUREMENT. Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall prepare and submit to Congress, a report on the accuracy of the manner in which gainful employment is measured under the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1001 et seq.) for different geographic regions and courses of study. SEC. 3. SHORT-TERM WORKFORCE FEDERAL PELL GRANTS. Section 401 of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1070a) is amended by inserting at the end the following: “(k) Short-Term Workforce Pell Grants.— “(1) IN GENERAL.—For award years beginning on or after July 1, 2020, the Secretary shall carry out a program under which the Secretary shall award Federal Pell Grants to eligible students for short-term workforce programs. “(2) TERMS AND CONDITIONS.—A Federal Pell Grant awarded under this subsection (in this section referred to as a ‘workforce Federal Pell Grant’) shall have the same terms and conditions, and be awarded in the same manner, as a Federal Pell Grant awarded under subsection (a), except as follows: “(A) A student who is eligible to receive a workforce Federal Pell Grant under this subsection is a student who— “(i) has not, on or after the date that is 10 years before the date on which the student applies for such grant, attained a baccalaureate degree or post baccalaureate degree; “(ii) attends an eligible institution, but was not previously enrolled in an eligible institution on or after the date that is 5 years before the date on which the student applies for such grant; “(iii) is enrolled, or accepted for enrollment, in a short-term workforce program at such institution; “(iv) is determined, solely by the institution, that the student is unemployed or underemployed; and “(v) meets all other eligibility requirements for a Federal Pell Grant (except as otherwise provided in this paragraph). “(B) The amount of a workforce Pell Grant for an eligible student shall be determined under subsection (b)(2)(A), except that— “(i) the maximum Federal Pell Grant awarded under this subsection for an award year shall be 50 percent of the maximum Federal Pell Grant awarded under subsection (b) applicable to that award year; “(ii) no increase shall be calculated under subsection (b)(7)(B) for a student receiving workforce Pell Grant under this subsection; and “(iii) subsection (b)(4) shall not apply. “(3) INCLUSION IN TOTAL ELIGIBILITY PERIOD FOR RECENT STUDENTS.—Any period during which a student described in paragraph (2)(A) receives a workforce Federal Pell Grant under this subsection shall be included in calculating the student’s period of eligibility for Federal Pell Grants under subsection (c), and any regulations under such subsection regarding students who are enrolled in an undergraduate program on less than a full-time basis shall similarly apply to students who are enrolled in a short-term workforce program at an eligible institution on less than a full-time basis. “(4) DEFINITIONS.—In this subsection, the following definitions apply: “(A) ELIGIBLE CAREER PATHWAY PROGRAM.—The term ‘eligible career pathway program’ means a program that is a combination of rigorous and high-quality education, training, and other services that— “(i) aligns with the skill needs of industries in the State or regional economy involved; “(ii) prepares an individual to be successful in any of a full range of secondary or postsecondary education options, including apprenticeships registered under the Act of August 16, 1937 (commonly known as the ‘National Apprenticeship Act’; 50 Stat. 664; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.); “(iii) includes counseling to support an individual in achieving the individual’s education and career goals; “(iv) includes, as appropriate, education offered concurrently with and in the same context as workforce preparation activities and training for a specific occupation or occupational cluster; “(v) organizes education, training, and other services to meet the particular needs of an individual in a manner that accelerates the educational and career advancement of the individual to the extent practicable; and “(vi) helps an individual enter or advance within a specific occupation or occupational cluster. “(B) SHORT-TERM WORKFORCE PROGRAM.—The term ‘short-term workforce program’ means a career and technical education program at an institution of higher education that— “(i) provides not less than 150 clock hours of instructional time over a period of not less than 8 weeks or more than 12 weeks; “(ii) provides training aligned with the requirements of employers in the State or local area, which may include in-demand industry sectors or occupations in the State or local area, as defined under section 3(23) of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102(23)); “(iii) provides a student, upon completion of the program, with a recognized postsecondary credential, as defined under section 3(52) of the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act (29 U.S.C. 3102(52)), that is recognized by employers in the relevant industry, including credentials recognized by industry or sector partnerships in the State or local area where the industry is located; “(iv) has been determined, by the institution of higher education, to provide academic content, an amount of instructional time, and a recognized postsecondary credential that are sufficient to— “(I) meet the hiring requirements of potential employers; and “(II) allow the students to apply for any licenses or certifications that may be required to be employed in the field for which the job training is offered; “(v) may include integrated or basic skills courses; and “(vi) may be offered as part of an eligible career pathway program. “(5) SPECIAL RULE.—In the case of a career pathway program being determined eligible for the first time under this subsection, such determination shall be made by the Secretary before such program is considered to be an eligible career pathway program. “(6) INELIGIBILITY FOR DOUBLE BENEFITS.—No student may receive both a workforce Federal Pell Grant under this subsection and an additional Federal Pell Grant under subsection (b)(8).”. SEC. 4. CONNECTING APPRENTICESHIPS TO ACADEMIC DEGREES. (a) In General.—Title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965 is amended by inserting after section 486A (20 U.S.C. 1093a) the following: “SEC. 486B. APPRENTICESHIP EXPANSION THROUGH ARTICULATION AGREEMENTS. “(a) Definitions.—In this section: “(1) APPRENTICESHIP ARTICULATION AGREEMENT.—The term ‘apprenticeship articulation agreement’ means an agreement between or among institutions of higher education that specifies the college credit value of and acceptability of certificates received through specific apprenticeship programs, for purposes of transferring such credits toward meeting specific degree or program requirements. “(2) APPRENTICESHIP PROGRAM.—The term ‘apprenticeship program’ means an apprenticeship registered under the Act of August 16, 1937 (commonly known as the ‘National Apprenticeship Act’; 50 Stat. 664, chapter 663; 29 U.S.C. 50 et seq.). “(b) Program To Encourage Apprenticeship Articulation Agreements.— “(1) PROGRAM ESTABLISHED.—The Secretary shall carry out a program in cooperation with States, institutions of higher education (including proprietary institutions), and sponsors of apprenticeships programs, to develop, enhance, and implement comprehensive apprenticeship articulation agreements between or among such institutions. Such apprenticeship articulation agreements shall be made widely and publicly available on the websites of such States, sponsors and institutions. In developing, enhancing, and implementing apprenticeship articulation agreements, States, sponsors and institutions of higher education may employ strategies, where applicable, including— “(A) improving awareness of existing apprenticeship articulation agreements; “(B) expanding participation of a wide variety of institutions of higher education; “(C) improving management systems to regarding course equivalency, transfer of credit, and articulation; and “(D) strategies to ensure widespread acceptance for the transfer of credits awarded to apprentices pursuant to apprenticeship articulation agreements. “(2) COORDINATION AND TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE.—The Secretary, in coordination with the Secretary of Labor, shall provide technical assistance to States, sponsors and institutions of higher education for the purposes of developing and implementing apprenticeship articulation agreements in accordance with this subsection.”. SEC. 5. ENHANCING TRANSFER OF CREDIT AMONG SCHOOLS. (a) Transfer Of Credit Policies.—Section 485(h)(1) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1092(h)(1)) is amended— (1) by striking “and” at the end of subparagraph (A); and (2) by adding at the end the following: “(C) an assurance that for each credit earned at another institution of higher education that is accepted and rejected by the institution, such credit will be publicly disclosed, and disaggregated by type of institution at which such credit was earned, accrediting agency or association, program, and if applicable, the primary reason for the credit not being accepted; and “(D) an assurance of the acceptance of credits earned at another institution for an identical course offered at the institution that has been reviewed by the same accrediting agency or association at both such institutions, and is at the introductory level as determined by the agency or association, or in a case in which the transfer of such credits is initially denied by the institution, an assurance the student will have the opportunity to take an assessment administered by the institution to demonstrate competency in such course for purposes of the transfer of such credits.”. (b) Articulation Agreements.—Section 486A(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1093a) is amended— (1) in paragraph (1)— (A) by redesignating subparagraphs (C) and (D) as subparagraphs (D) and (E), respectively; and (B) by inserting after subparagraph (B) the following: “(C) identification of courses at each institution in which an articulation agreement has been developed to enable the transfer of credit for such courses to, at a minimum, all other institutions accredited by the same accrediting agency or association;”; and (2) in paragraph (2), by striking “public”. (c) Report.—Not later than 1 year after the date of enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Education shall submit a report to Congress on a review of transfer of credit policies across institutions of higher education that— (1) determines the extent to which articulation agreements (defined in section 486A of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1093a)) have resulted in reduced costs for students; and (2) provides recommendations on how to incentivize the expanded use of such articulation agreements. SEC. 6. COMPETENCY-BASED EDUCATION. Section 481(b)(4) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1088(b)(4)) is amended to read as follows: “(4) For the purposes of this title, the term ‘eligible program’ includes an instructional program that measures knowledge, skills, and experience through assessments of such knowledge, skills, or experience in lieu of or in addition to the use of credit hours or clock hours. In the case of a program being determined eligible for the first time under this paragraph, such determination shall be made by the Secretary before such program is considered to be an eligible program.”.
  4. James Grant

    Military Pay Raise Act

    Mr. Grant, for himself, introduced the following; A BILL To increase the pay rate for members of the United States Military. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. Short Title (a) From hereon out this bill shall be referred to as the "Military Pay Raise Act" SECTION 2. Findings (a) From 2011-2016 pay raises for members of the military did not increase by more that 2% per year, where every year from 1962-2011 saw raises of more then 2% each year [source]. (b) Real hourly earnings were up 2.2% in2017 [source].  SECTION 3. Pay Raises (a) The basic pay shall be increased by 3% in FY 2019. SECTION 4. Effective Date The bill shall go into effect upon its constitutional passage.
  5. James Grant

    Student and Teacher Safety Act

    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Mr. Grant (for himself, Mr. Grothman, and Mrs. Handel) introduced the following bill; A BILL To improve school safety. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the “Student and Teacher Safety Act”. SEC. 2. SUPPORTING SAFER SCHOOLS. (a) Student Support And Academic Enrichment Grants.—Subpart 1 of part A of title IV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7111 et seq.) is amended— (1) by redesignating sections 4109 through 4112 as sections 4110 through 4113, respectively; and (2) by inserting after section 4108 the following: “SEC. 4109. ACTIVITIES TO SUPPORT SCHOOL SAFETY AND PREVENT VIOLENCE AGAINST STUDENTS OR SCHOOL PERSONNEL. “Each local educational agency, or consortium of such agencies, that receives an allocation under section 4105(a) may use such funds for school safety infrastructure improvements to prevent, mitigate, or respond to incidents of violence.”. (b) Definitions.—Section 4102 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7112) is amended— (1) in paragraph (5)(B), by inserting “including the prevention of gun violence,” after “school safety,”; (2) by redesignating paragraphs (7) and (8) as paragraphs (8) and (9), respectively; and (3) by inserting after paragraph (6) the following: “(7) SCHOOL SAFETY INFRASTRUCTURE IMPROVEMENTS.—The term ‘school safety infrastructure improvements’ means improvements to the physical facility or technology of a school to prevent intruders from entering a school, ensure students and school personnel may safely enter the school building and exit during an emergency, or protect the life and well-being of students and school personnel, including— “(A) physical improvements to the school to prevent and deter unauthorized access to the school, including locks, double entry systems, hardened entrances, and interior and exterior video surveillance systems; “(B) security doors, automatic locks, security glass, alarm systems, metal detectors, and sensor systems; “(C) emergency communications systems, including wireless and geographically precise mobile alert systems; “(D) perimeter fencing; “(E) emergency exit systems; “(F) duress or panic systems; “(G) emergency tip lines; and “(H) any other physical improvements to existing facilities where the primary purpose is to improve or enhance school safety.”. (c) Formula Grants To States.—Section 4103(a) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7113(a)) is amended, in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking “section 4112” and inserting “section 4113”. (d) State Use Of Funds.—Section 4104(b)(3)(B) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7114(b)(3)(B)) is amended— (1) in clause (iii), by striking “and” at the end; and (2) by adding at the end the following: “(v) improving the safety and security of schools, which may include— “(I) identifying and disseminating best practices for school safety; “(II) assisting in the establishment or implementation of emergency planning, which may include emergency response teams to address emergencies at schools; “(III) establishing or identifying agreements with local law enforcement and health agencies, including nonprofit, public, and private mental health agencies and institutions, to improve coordination of services and identify threats to the safety of students and school personnel; and “(IV) school safety infrastructure improvements; and”. (e) Local Educational Agency Applications.—Section 4106(e) of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7116(e)) is amended— (1) in paragraph (1)— (A) in subparagraph (D)— (i) by striking “4109” and inserting “4110”; and (ii) by striking “and” at the end; (B) by redesignating subparagraph (E) as subparagraph (F); and (C) by inserting after subparagraph (D), the following: “(E) if applicable, how funds will be used for activities related to supporting school safety infrastructure improvements under section 4109; and”; and (2) in paragraph (2)— (A) in subparagraph (A), by inserting “, including charter schools where applicable,” after “schools”; (B) by redesignating subparagraphs (E) and (F) as subparagraphs (F) and (G), respectively; (C) by inserting after subparagraph (D) the following: “(E) use a portion of funds received under this subpart to support one or more of the activities authorized under section 4109;”; and (D) in subparagraph (F), as so redesignated— (i) by striking “section 4109(a)” and inserting “section 4110(a)”; and (ii) by striking “section 4109(b)” and inserting “section 4110(b)”. (f) Activities To Support Safe And Healthy Students.—Section 4108 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7118) is amended— (1) in the matter preceding paragraph (1), by striking “Subject to” and inserting the following: “(a) In General.—Subject to”; (2) in subsection (a)(5) (as amended by paragraph (1))— (A) in subparagraph (B), in the matter preceding clause (i), by striking “4111” and inserting “4112”; and (B) in subparagraph (E), by striking “4111” and inserting “4112”; and (3) by adding at the end the following: “(b) Rule Of Construction.—Nothing in this section shall be construed to— “(1) prevent Federal, State, or local law enforcement from detaining or arresting an individual who could otherwise be detained or arrested for an alleged violent offense; “(2) otherwise interfere with Federal, State, or local law enforcement’s discretion to investigate legitimate threats to school safety; or “(3) discourage school officials from referring an individual to law enforcement.”. (g) Activities To Support The Effective Use Of Technology.—Section 4110 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 7119), as redesignated by subsection (a), is amended— (1) in subsection (a)— (A) in paragraph (5), by striking “and” at the end; (B) in paragraph (6), by striking the period at the end and inserting “; and”; and (C) by adding at the end the following: “(7) providing technology to improve school safety.”; and (2) in subsection (b)— (A) by striking “A local” and inserting the following: “(1) IN GENERAL.—A local”; and (B) by adding at the end the following: “(2) EXCEPTION.—The limitation described in paragraph (1) shall not apply to technology infrastructure that is also a school safety infrastructure improvement.”. (h) Technical Amendment.—The table of contents in section 2 of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act is amended by striking the items relating to sections 4109, 4110, 4111, and 4112 and inserting the following: “Sec. 4109. Activities to support school safety and prevent violence against students or school personnel. “Sec. 4110. Activities to support the effective use of technology. “Sec. 4111. Supplement, not supplant. “Sec. 4112. Rule of construction. “Sec. 4113. Authorization of appropriations.”.
  6. IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Mr. Grant (for himself, Mr. Ferguson, and Mr. Cicilline) introduced the following bill; A BILL To prohibit States from suspending, revoking, or denying State-issued professional licenses or issuing penalties due to student default. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the “Protecting Job Opportunities for Borrowers Act ” SEC. 2. PROHIBITION AGAINST SUSPENSION, REVOCATION, OR DENIAL OF STATE-ISSUED PROFESSIONAL LICENSES OR PENALTIES DUE TO STUDENT DEFAULT. (a) Higher Education Act Of 1965 Loans.—Part B of title I of the Higher Education Act of 1965 (20 U.S.C. 1011 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following: “SEC. 124. PROHIBITION AGAINST SUSPENSION, REVOCATION, OR DENIAL OF STATE-ISSUED PROFESSIONAL LICENSES OR PENALTIES DUE TO STUDENT DEFAULT. “(a) Prohibition.—Beginning 2 years after the date of enactment of the Protecting Job Opportunities for Borrowers Act, a State that receives assistance under this Act may not suspend, revoke, or deny the approval or renewal of a State-issued license described in subsection (b) or issue a fine or other penalty with respect to an individual based solely on such individual's default or delinquency on a loan made, insured, or guaranteed under title IV. “(b) Types Of Licenses.—A State-issued license described in this subsection means any of the following: “(1) A State-issued driver's license (including any State-issued document permitting a specific individual to operate one or more types of motorized vehicles, such as a motorcycle, car, truck, or bus on a public road). “(2) A State-issued teaching license. “(3) A State-issued professional license involved in or affecting interstate commerce (including any license, permit, certificate, registration, charter, authority or similar form of permission required for lawful employment in a particular career field). “(c) Injunctive Relief.—Any individual aggrieved as a result of a violation of subsection (a) may bring a civil action in an appropriate district court of the United States to obtain prospective injunctive relief against an individual State officer in the officer's official capacity.”. (b) Health Education Loans.— (1) IN GENERAL.—A State may not suspend, revoke, or deny the approval or renewal of a State-issued license described in section 124(b) of the Higher Education Act of 1965 or issue a fine or other penalty with respect to an individual based solely on such individual's default or delinquency on a Health Education Assistance Loan or Primary Care Loan made under part A of title VII of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 292 et seq.). (2) INJUNCTIVE RELIEF.—Any individual aggrieved as a result of a violation of paragraph (1) may bring a civil action in an appropriate district court of the United States to obtain prospective injunctive relief against an individual State officer in the officer's official capacity.
  7. Character Name: Michael Hickenbottom (Senate) Home State: West Virginia Previous Job: Politics (Congressman, Governor, Mayor, or lower rank) Date of Birth: 07/22/1953 Race / Ethnicity: White Religion: Protestant Christian Wealth: Upper Class Gender: Male Sexuality: Heterosexual Are you married?: Yes How many children do you have?: 3 Michael Hickenbottom is a former West Virginia state senator, former governor of West Virginia, and a partial owner of a West Virginia mine. He is an America First nationalist and has been a supporter of President Macmillan since the primaries. View full character
  8. James Grant

    Senate Filing

    Name: Michael Hickenbottom Party: Republican State: West Virginia
  9. James Grant

    Michael Hickenbottom (Senate)

    Michael Hickenbottom is a former West Virginia state senator, former governor of West Virginia, and a partial owner of a West Virginia mine. He is an America First nationalist and has been a supporter of President Macmillan since the primaries.
  10. James Grant

    In-Session Campaigning 2018

    James Grant - 12 house rallies in Pennsylvania 2 Business 3 Moderate Conservatives 3 Moderate Liberals 2 SJW 2 Progressives
  11. James Grant

    Life at Conception Act

    N THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Mr. Grant (for himself, Mr. Mooney, Mr. Jordan, Mr. Olson, Mr. Sessions, Mr. Harper, Mr. Duncan of South Carolina, Mr. Farenthold, Mr. Chabot, Mrs. Noem, Mr. Davidson, Mr.Abraham, Mr. Palmer, Mr. Young of Alaska, Mr. Grothman, Mr. Carter of Texas, Mr. Schweikert, Mrs. Wagner, Mr. Franks of Arizona, Mr. Massie, Mr. Meadows, Mr. Johnson of Ohio, Mr. Weber of Texas, Mr. Pittenger, Mrs. Black, Mr. Gohmert, Mr. Long, Mr. Murphy of Pennsylvania, Mr. Mullin, Mr. Yoho, Mr. Jenkins of West Virginia, Mr. Thomas J. Rooney of Florida, Mr. Marino, Mr. Sam Johnson of Texas, Mr. Aderholt, Mr. Bucshon, Mr. Poe of Texas, Mr. LaHood, Mr. King of Iowa, Mr. Mitchell, Mr. Duncan of Tennessee, Mr. Fortenberry, Mr. Luetkemeyer, Mr. Latta, Mr. Lamborn, Mr. Barletta, Mr. Palazzo, Mr. Jones, Mr. Allen, Mr. Labrador, Mr. Cramer, Mr. Rothfus, Mr. Fleischmann, Mr. Hultgren, Mr. Brady of Texas, Mr. Gosar, Mr. Roe of Tennessee, Mr. Barton, and Mr. Peterson) introduced the following bill; A BILL To implement equal protection under the 14th article of amendment to the Constitution for the right to life of each born and preborn human person. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the “Life at Conception Act”. SEC. 2. RIGHT TO LIFE. To implement equal protection for the right to life of each born and preborn human person, and pursuant to the duty and authority of the Congress, including Congress’ power under article I, section 8, to make necessary and proper laws, and Congress’ power under section 5 of the 14th article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States, the Congress hereby declares that the right to life guaranteed by the Constitution is vested in each human being. However, nothing in this Act shall be construed to authorize the prosecution of any woman for the death of her unborn child. SEC. 3. DEFINITIONS. For purposes of this Act: (1) HUMAN PERSON; HUMAN BEING.—The terms “human person” and “human being” include each and every member of the species homo sapiens at all stages of life, including the moment of fertilization, cloning, or other moment at which an individual member of the human species comes into being. (2) STATE.—The term “State” used in the 14th article of amendment to the Constitution of the United States and other applicable provisions of the Constitution includes the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, and each other territory or possession of the United States.
  12. James Grant

    Second Amendment Guarantee Act

    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Mr. Grant (For himself, Mr. Collins) introduced the following bill; A BILL To amend title 18, United States Code, to limit the authority of States and localities to regulate conduct, or impose penalties or taxes, in relation to rifles or shotguns. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the “Second Amendment Guarantee Act” or the “SAGA Act” . SEC. 2. LIMITATION ON AUTHORITY OF STATES AND LOCALITIES TO REGULATE CONDUCT IN RELATION TO RIFLES OR SHOTGUNS. Section 927 of title 18, United States Code, is amended— (1) by striking “No” and inserting “(a) Except as provided in subsection (b), no”; and (2) by adding after and below the end the following: “(b) (1) A State or a political subdivision of a State may not impose any regulation, prohibition, or registration or licensing requirement with respect to the design, manufacture, importation, sale, transfer, possession, or marking of a rifle or shotgun that has moved in, or any such conduct that affects, interstate or foreign commerce, that is more restrictive, or impose any penalty, tax, fee, or charge with respect to such a rifle or shotgun or such conduct, in an amount greater, than is provided under Federal law. To the extent that a law of a State or political subdivision of a State, whether enacted before, on, or after the date of the enactment of this subsection, violates the preceding sentence, the law shall have no force or effect. For purposes of this subsection, the term ‘rifle or shotgun’ includes any part of a rifle or shotgun, any detachable magazine or ammunition feeding device, and any type of pistol grip or stock design. “(2) In an action brought for damages or relief from a violation of paragraph (1), the court shall award the prevailing plaintiff a reasonable attorney’s fee in addition to any other damages or relief awarded.”.
  13. James Grant

    Steel Industry Preservation Act

    IN THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE UNITED STATES Mr. Grant (for himself, Mrs. Capito, Mr. Brown, Mr. Portman, Mr. Casey, and Ms. Stabenow) introduced the following bill; A BILL To amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 to extend and modify the section 45 credit for refined coal from steel industry fuel, and for other purposes. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, SECTION 1. SHORT TITLE. This Act may be cited as the “Steel Industry Preservation Act”. SEC. 2. EXTENSION AND MODIFICATION OF CREDIT FOR STEEL INDUSTRY FUEL. (a) Credit Period.— (1) IN GENERAL.—Subclause (II) of section 45(e)(8)(D)(ii) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended to read as follows: “(II) CREDIT PERIOD.—In lieu of the 10-year period referred to in clauses (i) and (ii)(II) of subparagraph (A), the credit period shall be the period beginning on the first date that the facility first produces steel industry fuel that is sold to an unrelated person after the date of the enactment of the Steel Industry Preservation Act, and ending 10 years after such first date.”. (2) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Section 45(e)(8)(D) of such Code is amended by striking clause (iii) and by redesignating clause (iv) as clause (iii). (b) Extension Of Placed-In-Service Date.—Subparagraph (A) of section 45(d)(8) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended— (1) by striking “(or any modification to a facility)”; (2) by striking “placed in service before” and inserting “placed in service— “(i) before”; (3) by striking “and” at the end and inserting “or”; and (4) by adding at the end the following new clause: “(ii) after the date of the enactment of this clause and before January 1, 2020, and”. (c) Clarifications.— (1) STEEL INDUSTRY FUEL.—Subclause (I) of section 45(c)(7)(C)(i) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting “, or a blend of coal and petroleum coke, or other coke feedstock” after “on coal”. (2) OWNERSHIP INTEREST.—Section 45(d)(8) of such Code is amended by adding at the end the following new flush sentence: “With respect to a facility producing steel industry fuel, no person (including a ground lessor, customer, supplier, or technology licensor) shall be treated as having an ownership interest in the facility or as otherwise entitled to the credit allowable under this section with respect to such facility if such person’s rent, license fee, or other entitlement to net payments from the owner of such facility is measured by a fixed dollar amount or a fixed amount per ton, or otherwise determined without regard to the profit or loss of such facility.”. (3) PRODUCTION AND SALE.—Subparagraph (D) of section 45(e)(8) of such Code, as amended by subsection (a)(2), is amended by redesignating clause (iii) as clause (iv) and by inserting after clause (ii) the following new clause: “(iii) PRODUCTION AND SALE.—The owner of a facility producing steel industry fuel shall be treated as producing and selling steel industry fuel where that owner manufactures such steel industry fuel from coal, a blend of coal and petroleum coke, or other coke feedstock to which it has title. The sale of such steel industry fuel by the owner of the facility to a person who is not the owner of the facility shall not fail to qualify as a sale to an unrelated person solely because such purchaser may also be a ground lessor, supplier, or customer.”. (d) Election To Increase Credit In Lieu Of Steel Industry Fuel Deductions.—Paragraph (8) of section 45(e) is amended by adding at the end the following new subparagraph: “(E) ELECTION FOR INCREASED CREDIT IN LIEU OF DEDUCTIONS FOR STEEL INDUSTRY FUEL.—In the case of a taxpayer who produces steel industry fuel— “(i) IN GENERAL.—At the election of the taxpayer— “(I) no deduction shall be allowed with respect to expenses made in connection with the production and sale of steel industry for such taxable year which are otherwise deductible under this chapter (determined without regard to this subparagraph), “(II) no expense made in connection with the production of and sale of steel industry fuel which is otherwise chargeable to capital account in such taxable year shall be so charged, and “(III) the credit determined under this section (without regard to this subparagraph) for such taxable year shall be increased by an amount equal to the product of the sum of the amounts to which subclauses (I) and (II) apply and the maximum rate of tax applicable under section 1 or 11(b)(1), as applicable to the taxpayer in such taxable year. “(ii) APPLICATION TO PARTNERSHIPS AND S CORPORATIONS.—In the case of a partnership or S corporation, the election shall be made at the partnership or S corporation level. “(iii) ELECTION.—An election under this subparagraph for any taxable year shall be made not later than the time for filing the return of tax for such year (including extensions), in such manner as the Secretary may prescribe. Such an election, once made, shall be irrevocable.”. (e) Specified Credit For Purposes Of Alternative Minimum Tax Exclusion.—Subclause (II) of section 38(c)(4)(B)(iv) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by inserting “(in the case of a refined coal production facility producing steel industry fuel, during the credit period set forth in section 45(e)(8)(D)(ii)(II))” after “service”. (f) Application Of Certain Rules To Steel Industry Fuel.— (1) ACTIVITY NOT ENGAGED IN FOR PROFIT.—Section 183 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new subsection: “(f) Exception.—This section shall not apply to any deduction with respect to the production of steel industry fuel (as defined in section 45(c)(7)(C)).”. (2) APPLICATION OF ECONOMIC SUBSTANCE DOCTRINE.— (A) IN GENERAL.—Subsection (o) of section 7701 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986 is amended by adding at the end the following new paragraph: “(6) NON-APPLICATION TO STEEL INDUSTRY FUEL.—The economic substance doctrine shall not apply to any transaction to the extent such transaction relates to steel industry fuel (as defined in section 45(c)(7)(C)).”. (B) CONFORMING AMENDMENT.—Paragraph (5)(C) of section 7701(o) of such Code is amended by striking “The determination” and inserting “Except as provided in paragraph (6), the determination”. (g) Effective Dates.— (1) IN GENERAL.—Except as provided in paragraph (2), the amendments made by this section shall apply to fuel produced and sold after the date of the enactment of this Act, in taxable years ending after such date. (2) APPLICATION OF ECONOMIC SUBSTANCE RULES.—The amendments made by subsection (f)(2) shall apply to transactions entered into after the date of the enactment of this Act.
  14. James Grant

    Experience 1

    Done.
  15. James Grant

    @JamesGrant

    Congratulations to @RepFaulhammer for showing leadership by trying to repeal Common Core. It's not working, we're trailing behind other nations.
  16. James Grant

    @JamesGrant

    Official twitter page of Representative James Grant, for the grand state of Pennsylvania.
  17. James Grant

    Ending Common Core Act

    CS.
  18. James Grant

    Cash 1

    Done.
  19. James Grant

    Name Recognition 2

    Done.
  20. James Grant

    Name Recognition 1

    Done.
  21. James Grant

    James Grant (Republican)

    Character Name: James Grant Home State: Pennsylvania Previous Job: Law (Lawyer, Judge, Law Enforcement, etc) Date of Birth: 11/20/1985 Race / Ethnicity: White Religion: Protestant Christian Wealth: Upper Class Gender: Male Sexuality: Heterosexual Are you married?: Yes How many children do you have?: 1 James was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania on November 20th, 1985. He was born the middle-child of Larry Grant, who worked as the Sheriff of Lehigh County. He was raised under the idea that justice should be upheld steadfastly. He went onto become a postgraduate with a major in Criminal Justice, and a minor in Political Science. He worked with a local law firm for several years, before starting his own business that went on to become very successful. Years later, he ran a campaign for Pennsylvania's seventh congressional district, and became their representative. View full character
  22. James Grant

    James Grant

    James was born in Allentown, Pennsylvania on November 20th, 1985. He was born the middle-child of Larry Grant, who worked as the Sheriff of Lehigh County. He was raised under the idea that justice should be upheld steadfastly. He went onto become a postgraduate with a major in Criminal Justice, and a minor in Political Science. He worked with a local law firm for several years, before starting his own business that went on to become very successful. Years later, he ran a campaign for Pennsylvania's seventh congressional district, and became their representative.
  23. James Grant

    Sign up for Approval Ratings

  24. James Grant

    North On Shooting

    From The Office of Lewis North in Columbus, Ohio I'd like to express my sincere regret that Corliss happened. My thoughts and prayers go out to the families of those that were affected. I would hope that considerable support be given to them in their time of hurt and mourning. Going forward, I think that now national focus should be on preventing these disasters before they happen. Heightened school security, updated procedures in the event of an active shooter, and offer more psychological help to those who need it.
  25. Lewis North released a press release regarding Ward's economic policy. "I have read Calvin Ward's new economic plan recently and I find that Mr. Ward's lack of knowledge on current tax law glaring. It's quite laughable, as the America First Tax Reform Act never stated the Estate Tax would be repealed yet his plan seeks to restore it. How does one restore a tax that wasn't repealed in the first place? Additionally, our upper tax brackets have remained the same under the America First Tax Reform Act yet he rails against tax cuts for the "uberwealthy". The America First Tax Reform Act disproportionately benefits in tax cuts the lower and middle class who already pay the minority of taxes in the country compared to the upper class. He, in his plan, calls for tax cuts to the lower and middle class in his plan yet he voted against the bill. His ignorance calls into question how he's qualified to be our next president."
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